Article

Human/Nonhuman Chimeras

Henry T. Greely

in The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780195371963
Published online May 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195371963.013.0025

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Human/Nonhuman Chimeras

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The term “chimera” has many meanings, but this article's concern is restricted to living organisms that have, as part of their bodies, some living tissues, organs, or structures of human origin and some of nonhuman origin. The discussion confines the analysis to creatures that are, or are viewed as, nonhuman creatures to which human tissues are added. It points out that most of the discussion took off from scientific study of the Human Neuron Mouse and focused on nonhuman creatures with “humanized” brains. It then describes the arguments and policies that have developed in regard to human/nonhuman chimeras, and this is followed by a discussion of three particularly sensitive types of chimeras. Such developments can be used to create important human knowledge and medical treatments, but they need to be employed only for such good reasons.

Keywords: chimera; nonhuman creatures; Human Neuron Mouse; medical treatment; human knowledge

Article.  14202 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Moral Philosophy ; Philosophy of Science

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