Article

Eugenics and genocide

A. Dirk Moses and Dan Stone

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780195373141
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195373141.013.0011

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Eugenics and genocide

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This article examines the historical relationship between biopolitics, eugenics, racial hygiene, and genocide globally in this period. It describes that as the historiography of eugenics has broadened out from its Anglo-American core to an international and transnational perspective, so the focus of genocide studies has shifted from the Holocaust as the paradigmatic case to other, often extra-European, genocides. Furthermore, this article examines various policy modalities developed to solve the “problem” of minority and “useless” populations. It shows that mixed-race children pose particular challenges to eugenicists in thrall to ideals of cultural homogeneity, in which case eliminationist policies of assimilation, absorption, or sterilization might be pursued. It suggests that these policies could escalate in a genocidal direction.

Keywords: biopolitics; eugenics; genocide; mixed-race; policy

Article.  8420 words. 

Subjects: History ; Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

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