Article

Dieting and the Eating Disorders

Eric Stice and Katherine Presnell

in The Oxford Handbook of Eating Disorders

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780195373622
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195373622.013.0010

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Dieting and the Eating Disorders

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This chapter reviews theory and empirical evidence linking dietary restraint to eating pathology. Although prospective studies suggest that dieting increases risk for future onset of eating pathology, experiments suggest that assignment to weight loss and weight maintenance diets reduces eating disorder symptoms. Because these two findings have opposing public health implications, this chapter also considers various explanations for these inconsistent findings. Our analysis suggests that dieting is not a causal risk factor for bulimic pathology, but rather may be a proxy risk factor. We posit that a tendency towards overeating may lead to both dieting and bulimic pathology, which seems to better account for the pattern of observed findings, and propose a number of studies that might help further resolve whether dietary restraint is causally related to the development of eating pathology.

Keywords: binge eating; bulimia nervosa; dietary restraint; dieting; eating disorders; obesity

Article.  26072 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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