Planning and Citizenship

Faranak Miraftab

in The Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780195374995
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Planning and Citizenship


This article examines the relation between citizenship and urban planning. It discusses the debates on citizenship as theory and practice that mediate the relationship between the state and citizens, and highlights the crisis of the liberal social contract as the fallacy of its promises of equality and freedom are increasingly exposed. The article argues that the goals and objectives of planning practice are complicated by their formulation on a contested terrain of citizenship, and suggests that it is essential for progressive planning to engage with the expanded focus of the citizenship debate, from formal rights to justice and from representative to participatory democracy.

Keywords: citizenship; urban planning; liberal social contract; equality; freedom; justice; participatory democracy

Article.  7013 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Public Policy

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