This article focuses on making, assessing, and using urban design plans. It describes a framework used for assessing plans, and identifies questions for which evidence and arguments provide useful guidance on how to make and use plans well. The article explains that planning processes affect plans in their content and likelihood of implementation, and that performance research designs can generate useful results about situations in which plans work. It also stresses the need to determine how plans can add value in the face of nonhierarchical institutional systems and uncertainty.
Keywords: urban design plans; planning processes; likelihood of implementation; performance research; institutional systems; uncertainty
Article. 8894 words.
Subjects: Politics ; Public Policy
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