Article

The Dynamics of Stress, Coping, and Health: Assessing Stress and Coping Processes in Near Real Time

Mark D. Litt, Howard Tennen and Glenn Affleck

in The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780195375343
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195375343.013.0019

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The Dynamics of Stress, Coping, and Health: Assessing Stress and Coping Processes in Near Real Time

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The idea of coping has been central to our understanding of adaptation to stressors for more than 30 years. Models of coping have included factors such as traits or other dispositions, appraisals, expectancies, moods, characteristics of the situation, and health outcomes themselves. Despite the fact that coping theory was initially construed as dynamic and transactional in nature, most models of coping have been unidirectional, and have treated coping as a static outcome of the constituent factors. In this chapter we argue that unidirectional models of coping and adaptation have come about as a result of our difficulty in measuring coping as a dynamic process that unfolds over time, and that coping changes moment to moment or day to day depending on the situational determinants and the coping processes that have occurred before. Daily process and momentary assessment technologies, allied with multi-level statistical techniques, are now allowing a more detailed understanding of coping and its complexities. In this chapter we review the development of new coping models and how intensive measurement is enhancing our view of how coping works.

Keywords: coping; daily process; stress; experience sampling; Ecological Momentary Assessment

Article.  12290 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Health Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing

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