The Chalcolithic of Southeast Anatolia

Rana Özbal

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195376142
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

The Chalcolithic of Southeast Anatolia

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  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology of the Near East



This article presents an overview of both local and Mesopotamian-influenced styles and traditions in the Chalcolithic of southeast Anatolia, focusing on general characteristics and a few key settlements. The discussion of the Chalcolithic is chronologically divided into millennia, based on calibrated dates. The sixth, fifth, and fourth millennia BCE, respectively, roughly refer to the Early, Middle, and Late Chalcolithic, in which Halaf-, Ubaid-, and Uruk-type materials are correspondingly prevalent. Overall, the Chalcolithic of Anatolia has come a long way from the “dark age” that it was labeled three decades ago. In particular, the Upper Euphrates Valley in southeast Anatolia has been intensively researched since the late 1970s as surveys and excavations have focused on regions affected by dam lakes, and as many Mesopotamian archaeologists have set up research projects in Turkey following the Gulf Wars.

Keywords: Mesopotamia; settlements; Chalcolithic

Article.  13918 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of the Near East

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