Article

The Early Bronze Age on the Plateau

Sharon Steadman

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195376142
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195376142.013.0010

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 The Early Bronze Age on the Plateau

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This article presents data on the Early Bronze Age (EBA) of the Anatolian plateau. The EBA on the plateau has been identified as a period of “urbanization,” or at least the age in which complex society emerged, including the rise of an extensive trade network, established by the second half of the third millennium BCE. Chalcolithic period interregional trade with regions as far afield as Transcaucasia and possibly southeastern Europe was strengthened by connections ranging across the plateau, stretching into the Aegean, and southeastward to northern Mesopotamia and beyond. Monumental architecture appears, and metallurgy not only serves to change the utilitarian household assemblage but also becomes an important indicator of wealth and social position.

Keywords: Anatolian plateau; urbanization; trade network; architecture; metallurgy; social position

Article.  14120 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of the Near East

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