Article

The <i>Kārum</i> Period on the Plateau

Cécile Michel

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195376142
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195376142.013.0013

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 The Kārum Period on the Plateau

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This article presents data on the kārum period of Anatolia. During the first centuries of the second millennium BCE, Assyrian merchants originating from Assur, on the Upper Tigris, organized large-scale commercial exchanges with central Anatolia. They settled in several localities, called kārums. This Akkadian word, which usually designates the quay or port in Mesopotamian cities, refers in Anatolia to the Assyrian merchant district and its administrative building. Thus, the kārum period—which comprises the Old Assyrian period—covers the time during which the Assyrians traded in Anatolia, from the middle of the twentieth to the end of the eighteenth century BCE; it corresponds, more or less, to the Middle Bronze Age. In Anatolia, this period is characterized by an important phase of urbanization, with a flourishing material culture mixing native and foreign styles.

Keywords: Assyrian merchants; commercial exchange; Middle Bronze Age; urbanization; material culture

Article.  10358 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of the Near East

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