Gordion: The Changing Political and Economic Roles of a First Millennium B.C.E. City

Mary M. Voigt

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195376142
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199940127 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Gordion: The Changing Political and Economic Roles of a First Millennium B.C.E. City

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This article discusses findings from excavations at Gordion. Near the juncture of the Porsuk and Sakarya Rivers in west-central Turkey lies a large, flat-topped mound called Yass ıhöyük. In 1893 Alfred Körte visited the site, hoping to find ancient Gordion, capital of the Phrygian kingdom of the first millennium BCE. Convinced that Yass ıhöyük was the best match for descriptions left by ancient historians, Körte returned to the site in 1900 with his brother Gustav to carry out excavations on the mound and five of the surrounding tumuli. Today an identification of Yass ıhöyük as Gordion is supported by excavated remains of appropriate scale and date, and by associated inscriptions in the Phrygian language. The site has not, however, yielded inscribed material attesting the place-name Gordion, and the name of its most famous king, Midas, occurs only as a graffito on a potsherd.

Keywords: excavations; archaeological sites; Yass ıhöyük; Phrygian kindgom

Article.  11117 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East

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