Article

Sleep and Medical Disorders

Leanne Fleming and Judith R. Davidson

in The Oxford Handbook of Sleep and Sleep Disorders

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195376203
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195376203.013.0025

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Sleep and Medical Disorders

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Medical conditions are associated with a high prevalence of sleep difficulties that compound patients’ medical symptoms. In some cases, a sleep disorder may be a precursor to a medical disorder. Research of the interrelationships can advance understanding of both medical and sleep disorders. Six common medical disorders that illustrate a diversity of relationships with sleep are outlined: coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, Parkinson’s disease, type II diabetes, and cancer. The chapter then examines the prevalence, development, consequences, and treatment of insomnia in the context of cancer. This review demonstrates the debilitating and overwhelming effects of insomnia but offers hope in the form of cognitive behavioral interventions that have shown to be efficacious for comorbid insomnia.

Keywords: medical disorder; sleep disorder; coronary artery disease; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic kidney disease; Parkinson’s disease; diabetes; cancer; insomnia; comorbid insomnia

Article.  16947 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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