Article

Sleep–Wake Disturbances and Fatigue in Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury

Marie-Christine Ouellet, Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau and Charles M. Morin

in The Oxford Handbook of Sleep and Sleep Disorders

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195376203
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195376203.013.0039

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Sleep–Wake Disturbances and Fatigue in Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a prevalent and important public health issue, with long-term disabilities in various domains of functioning, especially for those sustaining moderate or severe injuries. Often overlooked, sleep disturbances and chronic fatigue are among the most prevalent and persistent negative consequences of traumatic brain injury. Research on the etiology, evolution, and treatment of sleep–wake disturbances is starting to emerge, and rehabilitation professionals are giving increasing attention to these problems. Following a general description of the clinical presentation of patients with TBI, this chapter discusses data on the prevalence, correlates, and etiology—as well as special considerations for assessment and treatment—for insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, circadian rhythm dysregulation, and fatigue in the context of TBI.

Keywords: traumatic brain injury; sleep; insomnia; sleepiness; fatigue; epidemiology; etiology; assessment; treatment

Article.  18690 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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