Commercial Policy and Experience in the Giants: China and India

Ganeshan Wignaraja

in The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195378047
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Commercial Policy and Experience in the Giants: China and India

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This article explores the link between commercial policies and export performance through a comparative analysis of China and India. The article is organized as follows. Section I looks at initial conditions influencing trade and trade performance. It examines the giants' export record by describing the evolution of trade flows at the aggregate and sectoral levels (focusing on growth and structural change in manufactured and services exports). Section II explores the link between shifts in key commercial policies (e.g., import liberalization, export promotion, and FDI policies) and trade flows. Section III examines the impact of free trade agreements (FTAs) on exporting. It evaluates FTA quality in terms of some simple criteria and provides evidence on the use of FTAs at the firm level. Section IV explores emerging commercial policy challenges in the post-global financial crisis era, while Section V concludes.

Keywords: commercial policy; export performance; trade policy; trade flows; free trade agreements

Article.  15495 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; International Economics ; Public Economics

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