Article

Regional Ritual Organization in the Northern Great Lakes, AD 1200–1600

Meghan C. L. Howey

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195380118
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195380118.013.0024

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Regional Ritual Organization in the Northern Great Lakes, AD 1200–1600

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This article explores what archaeologists call the “late Late Woodland/Late Prehistoric period,” the era from AD 1200 to 1600, in the Northern Great Lakes. It explores the dynamic choices Anishinaabeg communities made in that era, during the last 400 years before contact was made with Europeans. The Algonquian speakers in the Northern Great Lakes referred to themselves collectively as Anishinaabeg. Ojibway Historian William Warren offers the definition of this term as “Spontaneous People,” spontaneous meaning indigenous, natural, always human beings. Although there are differing interpretations of specific developments among the Anishinaabeg during this era in the Northern Great Lakes, it is widely agreed that a dramatic shift occurred after AD 1000–1100 that brought an end to a long-established socioeconomic system featuring high mobility, fluid social boundaries, and ready procurement of items across resource zones.

Keywords: ritual organization; Northern Great Lakes; Anishinaabeg communities; Algonquian speakers; socioeconomic system; social boundaries

Article.  4273 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of North America

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