Article

Villagers and Farmers of the Middle and Upper Ohio River Valley, 11th to 17th Centuries AD: The Fort Ancient and Monongahela Traditions

Bernard K. Means

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195380118
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195380118.013.0025

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Villagers and Farmers of the Middle and Upper Ohio River Valley, 11th to 17th Centuries AD: The Fort Ancient and Monongahela Traditions

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Fort Ancient and Monongahela Tradition villagers often placed their dwellings in circles around plazas. However, relatively few village sites from either tradition have seen broad exposure of their community patterns. Fort Ancient and Monongahela circular villages were designed according to geometric models used to spatially organize both elements of the built environment (architecture and spaces defined by architecture) and village social organizations. This article focuses on village sites because how people organized themselves in village settlements is revealing of the social ties that held their communities together. It examines whether the superficially similar layouts of Fort Ancient and Monongahela Tradition village sites reflected similar or markedly distinct village social organizations. Following a brief overview of the two traditions, the article examines a single site associated with each tradition: Peck 2-2, a Monongahela village site; and SunWatch, a Fort Ancient village site.

Keywords: Ohio River Valley; Fort Ancient; Monongahela Traditions; social organizations; social ties; SunWatch; Peck 2-2

Article.  4150 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of North America

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