Article

Social Interactions within Cities: Neighborhood Environments and Peer Relationships

Stephen L. Ross

in The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195380620
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195380620.013.0010

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Social Interactions within Cities: Neighborhood Environments and Peer Relationships

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This article begins by discussing the various empirical strategies that have been used to identify a causal relationship between peers, neighborhoods, or social contacts and an individual's behaviors or outcomes. It reveals neighborhood effects on individual outcomes, and describes the empirical literature on neighborhood effects starting with the literature on the impact of racial segregation on African Americans, followed by considerations of the effect of neighborhoods on labor market outcomes, and finally the effects on families and children. Furthermore, it deals with the literature on peer effects, focusing primarily on education, including evidence on mechanisms and the role of friendship networks, but also considers other settings, especially the workplace. It emphasizes the quantitative studies of neighborhood and peer effects. Finally, it examines the implications for planning.

Keywords: empirical strategies; neighborhood effects; individual outcomes; planning; peer effects

Article.  12018 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

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