Article

Urban Poverty, Economic Segregation, and Urban Policy

Paul A. Jargowsky

in The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195380620
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195380620.013.0014

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Urban Poverty, Economic Segregation, and Urban Policy

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Most of the causes of poverty are relevant to any geographic locale: macroeconomic gyrations, low levels of human capital, discrimination, and factors that limit productivity, such as drug and alcohol addictions. However, urban poverty has additional causes and consequences related to the economic segregation of metropolitan regions. This article begins by examining the fundamental demographic shifts that created the current configuration of urban poverty. It then summarizes the main trends in urban poverty, economic segregation, and the concentration of poverty, as well as the ways in which economic segregation helps to perpetuate urban poverty. It argues that public policies have played and continue to play a role in fostering economic segregation. Finally, it suggests policies and practices that have the potential to address urban poverty by reducing economic segregation.

Keywords: urban poverty; economic segregation; demographic shifts; macroeconomic gyrations; human capital

Article.  11295 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

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