Urban Education: Location and Opportunity in the United States

Eric A. Hanushek and Kuzey Yilmaz

in The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195380620
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Urban Education: Location and Opportunity in the United States

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The study of location and schooling has become a vibrant area of research in recent years. This article identifies the current state in both theoretical and empirical analyses of schools and location. It begins with a description of housing markets and schools in the United States. It then provides an overview of the relevant theoretical arguments on both location and local public good provision. The two primary relevant models involve urban location theory and the Tiebout choice of governmental services. While each has strengths, neither provides a clear picture of the underlying individual choice or of the outcomes of policy interventions. Following this, the article explores several areas of the interaction of policy with locational decisions. Finally, it states that a different set of governmental interventions, those involving increased school choice, can be thought of as methods of reducing the linkage of location and schooling.

Keywords: urban education; location and schooling; United States; urban location theory; Tiebout choice of governmental services; locational decisions; increased school choice

Article.  13826 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

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