Urbanization in Japan, South Korea, and China: Policy and Reality

Chengri Ding and Xingshuo Zhao

in The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195380620
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Urbanization in Japan, South Korea, and China: Policy and Reality

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  • Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics


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This article examines urbanization in Japan, South Korea, and mainland China (China), which share similar features of urbanization. It describes urbanization and urban growth, examines urbanization patterns, and looks at the extent to which are they linked to economic growth during rapid urbanization periods. Japan and South Korea experienced rapid urbanization in the second half of the twentieth century while China is currently in the era of rapid urbanization. Following this, the article presents policy and planning efforts in managing urbanization and urban growth, looking into the kinds of policy instruments introduced to manage urbanization at national and local levels. Finally, it deals with the assessment of these policy and planning efforts to appraise their effectiveness and draw out lessons learnt from them.

Keywords: Japan; South Korea; China; urbanization periods; economic growth; policy and planning efforts

Article.  11155 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics

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