Universals and Typology

Jean-Pierre Desclés and Zlatka Guentchéva

in The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195381979
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Universals and Typology

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Linguistics
  • Linguistic Typology
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology



Contemporary typology can be characterized as the study of cross-linguistic variations and the constraints that bear on them. Following the lead set by Greenberg (1963) and treating data from a wide range of languages, authors have explored numerous specific domains, including resultatives, and tense and aspect. Their methodology consists in data-driven research based on representative samples of languages and linguistic phenomena; effort is consequently made to guarantee both linguistic diversity and historical independence. The samples are culled from reference grammars, texts, questionnaires, and fieldwork. Although the search for language invariants is perfectly distinct from studies centered on cross-linguistic variation, the two nonetheless complement one another. This article is about universals and typology. It also discusses typology in linguistics, universals, invariants, primitives, typology of aspect, states, events, processes, perfectives and perfectivity, complete and incomplete aspectual opposition, and aspectualized relations in discourse temporality.

Keywords: universals; typology; linguistics; invariants; primitives; aspect; perfectives; perfectivity; aspectualized relations; temporality

Article.  12995 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Linguistic Typology ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribeRecommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »