Monika Rathert

in The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195381979
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks


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  • Linguistics
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology
  • Semantics



This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there are six different types of temporal adverbial: an adverbial composed of a noun phrase (NP) and an adposition; an NP functioning as an adverbial; sentential; a temporal adverbial clause; and based on adverbs and adjectives, respectively. This morphosyntactic classification is not coextensive with a semantic classification. The article uses a fourfold semantic classification—positional adverbials, quantificational adverbials, adverbials of duration, and Extended-Now adverbials—that more or less follows the traditional ones (except for Extended-Now adverbials, which is a novel category).

Keywords: temporal adverbials; tense; subordinate clauses; noun phrase; adverbs; adjectives; positional adverbials; quantificational adverbials; adverbials of duration; Extended-Now adverbials

Article.  11094 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology ; Semantics

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