Aging Workforce Demographics in Canada

Steven F. Cronshaw

in The Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195385052
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Aging Workforce Demographics in Canada

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  • Organizational Psychology
  • Social Psychology



The Canadian workforce is aging in a pattern similar to that in many other Western countries. If major global events do not intervene (e.g., mass migration from the South to northern climates in response to global warming), demographic aging of the workforce will continue to the middle of the 21st century. Apocalyptic demography predicts that population and workforce aging in Canada will have the inevitable effect of lowering national productivity and compromising the integrity of social programs. A review of research on the effects of workforce aging reported in this chapter refutes these apocalyptic predictions. Negative effects of workforce aging can be successfully ameliorated and managed through targeted economic and social policy combined with enlightened management practices. The transition to a graying workforce will be aided by education efforts informing the Canadian commonweal of the facts and fallacies of aging effects in the workplace.

Keywords: apocalyptic demography; Canada; participation rates; retirement projections; older worker productivity

Article.  12001 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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