Article

The Aging Worker and Person–Environment Fit

Elissa L. Perry, Gina Dokko and Frank D. Golom

in The Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195385052
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195385052.013.0084

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The Aging Worker and Person–Environment Fit

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Two perspectives have been used to understand the experiences of aging workers in the workplace: the age discrimination and diversity perspective, and the relational demography perspective. We suggest that these approaches are limited and that Person–Environment (P-E) fit theory provides a broader theoretical framework that is potentially more useful, even though it has not been applied to understanding the experiences of aging workers specifically. A P-E fit approach suggests that the degree of compatibility between an individual and a work environment influences the individual’s attitudes, behaviors, and employment outcomes. We apply this framework and review relevant literature to understand how individuals “fit” their job, a coworker, their work group, and their organization as a function of their age, and the ensuing consequences of this fit.

Keywords: Person–Environment fit; Person–Job fit; Person–Person fit; Person–Group fit; Person–Organization fit; older workers; relational demography; age discrimination

Article.  20426 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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