Article

The Victim-Offender Overlap and Its Implications for Juvenile Justice

Christopher J. Schreck and Eric A. Stewart

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195385106
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195385106.013.0003

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 The Victim-Offender Overlap and Its Implications for Juvenile Justice

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Victimization and offending are problems linked to youth. This article is about the victim offender overlap, which is a phenomenon where a person's offending activity and victimization experiences are positively correlated. It highlights the victim-offender overlap, which is a well-documented empirical fact. Although persistent, there are few criminological theories about the victim-offender correlation and this article focuses on insights offered by some of the leading criminological theories, particularly cultural deviance, strain, control, and life-course perspectives. It interprets victim-offender overlap from this vantage point and examines the implications of a life-course approach to the study of the victim-offender overlap. In sum, it provides a review that indicates that the victim-offender nexus is not well understood, notwithstanding the vast literature connecting childhood victimization and mistreatment to offending. Finally, it poses a few questions that are vital to understanding victim-offender correlation, but are unanswered so far.

Keywords: victim-offender overlap; victimization; offending activity; criminological theories; life-course approach

Article.  11041 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice ; Measurement of Crime

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