Article

An Emergent Situational and Transactional Theory of Urban Youth Violence

Deanna L. Wilkinson

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195385106
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195385106.013.0015

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 An Emergent Situational and Transactional Theory of Urban Youth Violence

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Youth violence is a public health problem that compromises the healthy development of youth and communities. This article makes an attempt to develop a theoretical model of the situational and transactional features of urban youth violence. It describes the heuristic presentation of the compositional aspects of youth violence events focusing on the most central situational characteristics. Following this, it describes how those characteristics converge in the early stages of a conflict interaction. It emphasizes on opening interactions, interpretations of social cues, relational distance between actors, and respondents' perceptions of the hostile intent of others. Furthermore, it specifies an emergent transactional model by focusing on the sequential stages of the event and the roles that actors play as the event moves through time. It concludes by situating the emergent transactional theory for urban youth violence within the broader violence literature and make suggestions for its relevance to juvenile justice policy.

Keywords: urban youth violence; theoretical model; youth; conflict interaction; transactional theory; juvenile justice policy

Article.  7342 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice

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