Article

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Delinquency and Justice System Responses

Donna M. Bishop and Michael J. Leiber

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195385106
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195385106.013.0020

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Delinquency and Justice System Responses

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This article discusses racial and ethnic differences in delinquency and justice system responses. It begins by reviewing national data on the minority presence in the juvenile justice system from arrest to post dispositional confinement. It then examines research bearing on the “differential offending” thesis. Following this, the article reviews the research literature on race bias in justice processing. The reviews reflect that overall assessment states that racial disparities in processing are attributable in part to differences in offending; yet race differences in offending alone are insufficient to account for minority over-representation in the juvenile justice system. Also, there is some truth to both the “differential offending” and “differential treatment” arguments. Finally, the article attempts to explore implications for justice policy in a preliminary way.

Keywords: racial disparities; ethnic differences; delinquency; justice system; post dispositional confinement; differential offending thesis

Article.  17282 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice

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