Article

Examining the Effectiveness of Juvenile Residential Programs

Doris Layton MacKenzie and Rachel Freeland

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780195385106
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195385106.013.0031

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Examining the Effectiveness of Juvenile Residential Programs

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Much controversy exists about the use of juvenile residential programs for delinquents. They are argued to be inherently detrimental by some, means of rehabilitation by others, and still others argue that they should be employed only when the juvenile is a danger to self or others and that appropriate programming can be successfully employed in such institutions. This article reviews the literature on the effectiveness of juvenile residential programs with an emphasis on the impact on later criminal or delinquent behavior. The research reviewed does not support the perspective that incarceration is successful in deterring juveniles, nor do all facilities have detrimental impacts. But the article does state that programming brings about cognitive transformations and may be the most effective method in reducing recidivism. In general, the impact of programs is similar for different races, ethnicities, genders, or ages. Studies have not demonstrated differences between these groups in terms of the impact on recidivism.

Keywords: juvenile residential programs; delinquents; rehabilitation; criminal; incarceration; recidivism

Article.  12462 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice ; Crime Prevention

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