Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics

Andrew Zimbalist

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780195387773
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics

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This chapter briefly outlines the history of Title IX. It then considers the ways that women's sports can continue to be promoted without reducing men's sports and without increasing athletics' budgets. The chapter also proposes that Congress grant the National Collegiate Athletic Association a limited antitrust exemption so that universities can cap coaches' compensation levels. As part of the argument for capping coaches' salaries, it presents econometric evidence which suggests that coaches' salaries do not bear a significant relationship to team performance. Title IX's critics have argued that women's participation gains have come at the expense of men. The regression results suggest that higher salaries are positively correlated with a school's historical success. Given the demonstrated physical, emotional, academic, and career benefits associated with women participating in school sports, it is important to continue to push gender equal opportunity in this area.

Keywords: Title IX; NCAA; women's sports; intercollegiate athletics; salaries; gender equality

Article.  7710 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Industry Studies ; Labour and Demographic Economics

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