Gender and Discrimination in Professional Golf

Stephen Shmanske

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195387780
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Gender and Discrimination in Professional Golf

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This article explores the evidence of gender discrimination in professional golf. It explains the methodology used to examine the earnings gap. This is followed by explanations of the golf production function. Then, the description of the data is presented, including summary comparisons between men and women for the years 1998 and 2008. A natural outcome of hitting the ball farther is the decrease in driving accuracy noted in the statistics. The 2008 regressions on levels of earnings per tournament are estimated with less precision than those from 1998. Some care should be exercised when interpreting the SANDSAVE portion of the decomposition. Only 9% of the gap between the women's average earnings and the men's average earnings is attributable to discrimination. The PGA Tour, which is the source of the data for the male golfers in the sample, does not discriminate against women.

Keywords: gender discrimination; PGA; earnings gap; male golfers; female golfers; driving accuracy

Article.  5627 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Industry Studies ; Labour and Demographic Economics

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