Article

Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Problematic Internet Use

Timothy C. Liu

in The Oxford Handbook of Impulse Control Disorders

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780195389715
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195389715.013.0065

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Problematic Internet Use

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This chapter discusses the phenomenology and epidemiology of problematic Internet se (PIU). Interest in the addictive potential of Internet activities has grown in the past two decades. Problematic Internet use can be broadly defined as uncontrolled use of the Internet that leads to significant psychosocial and functional impairments. It is currently conceptualized as an impulse control disorder that may share features with substance dependence disorders. Reliable studies have estimated the prevalence in the general population to be about 1%, but higher proportions of individuals might be at risk. Comorbidities with other psychiatric disorders are common. Concerns exist regarding the appropriateness and implications of formally recognizing PIU as a distinct disorder in current diagnostic systems. Given the ever-growing exposure to the Internet, especially in younger generations, PIU might become an emerging public health problem. Further studies are greatly needed, especially those using valid measures and longitudinal designs. Neuroimaging and genetic studies should also be explored.

Keywords: addiction; adolescence; behavior; comorbidity; computer; depression; impulsivity; Internet

Article.  6917 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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