Mexico's National Archaeology Programs

Nelly M. Robles García

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780195390933
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Mexico's National Archaeology Programs

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  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology by Region
  • History and Theory of Archaeology


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This article discusses archaeology programs in Mexico. The teaching of archaeology in Mexico through the Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia is carried out within the National Educational Program of the Ministry of Public Education. That means it is contemplated fundamentally as education provided by the state that therefore is free for citizens. The basic program grants a degree that is equivalent to a Bachelor of Arts. At this level, archaeology is studied for nine semesters. After that, the student must present a thesis to obtain his or her degree. The resulting diploma opens the doors to a formal market in this field. A summary of new trends is provided, which have modified the archaeological arena, as well as the teaching of new archaeologists in Mexico. These include salvage and rescue archaeology, cultural-resources management, and cultural legislation research.

Keywords: Mexican archaeologists; Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia; National Education Program; Ministry of Public Education; salvage and rescue archaeology; cultural-resources management; cultural legislation

Article.  3231 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology by Region ; History and Theory of Archaeology

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