Article

Archaeology of Gender in Mesoamerican Societies

Rosemary A. Joyce

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780195390933
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195390933.013.0049

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Archaeology of Gender in Mesoamerican Societies

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This article reviews studies on the archaeology of gender in Mesoamerica. Critical advances in the archaeology of gender in Mesoamerica include explorations of how status and age differences intersected with gender to affect the lives of men and women; increased understandings of how women in different societies and of different ranks were able to exercise power; and understandings of different experiences of sexuality. Sex cannot be treated as providing a natural basis on which cultural gender develops as a secondary phenomenon, because all cultural life, including the identification of biological sex, is experienced through patterns of thought, experience, and speech. Gender is thus better understood as a persistent way of acting as an embodied person, aware of socially sanctioned precedents for how to be a person with affective, sexual, and potentially reproductive relations.

Keywords: Mesoamerica; gender; archaeology; sex

Article.  4213 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology by Region ; Gender and Sexuality

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