Article

The Spanish Conquest and the Archaeology of the Colonial and Republican Periods

John M.D. Pohl

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780195390933
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195390933.013.0068

Series: Oxford Handbooks

The Spanish Conquest and the Archaeology of the Colonial and Republican Periods

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The development of historical archaeology as a social science is a relatively recent phenomenon in Mesoamerica. Most published studies have been limited to purely descriptive reports of investigations of salvage projects or the architectural restoration and conservation of churches, the houses of prominent officials, and haciendas. However, a growing number of archaeologists and historians have begun to formulate research designs that move beyond artifact description and architectural restoration to address broader concerns with acculturation, ethnicity, and shifting patterns of socioeconomic stratification. Some of the most innovative multidisciplinary field research has focused on the Mexican highlands in particular.

Keywords: historical archaeology; Mesoamerica; socioeconomic stratification; acculturation; ethnicity; Mexican highlands

Article.  5206 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology by Region ; Historical Archaeology

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