Article

National Borders, Conflict and Peace

Enrico Spolaore

in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780195392777
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195392777.013.0030

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 National Borders, Conflict and Peace

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This article analyzes the formation of states to provide public goods including but not limited to security. The analysis views national borders as arising endogenously, with the decision makers balancing a trade-off between the benefits of economies of scale in the provision of defense against external threats and the costs arising from greater heterogeneity in preferences across citizens of the nation regarding the provision of other public goods. The article develops a simple model that highlights this trade-off and discusses a number of issues related to peace and conflict. It also touches on a number of possible directions for future research.

Keywords: public goods; state formation; national borders; peace and conflict; external defense

Article.  9650 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General ; Econometrics and Mathematical Economics

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