Article

Female Trust in Government and Gender Income Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa

Juliet U. Elu and Gregory Price

in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Poverty

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780195393781
Published online December 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195393781.013.0020

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Female Trust in Government and Gender Income Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa

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This article examines the extent to which a regional government's ability to secure and enforce property rights for females in sub-Saharan Africa matters for a particular type of inequality—regional female income inequality. It considers the implications of a Hobbesian theory of government in which trust in its ability to secure and enforce property-rights matters for the distribution of female wealth and income relative to male wealth and income. With data from the Afrobarometer survey on households in 16 sub-Saharan African countries, the effects that trust in regional government has on the regional distribution of income for females relative to males are estimated. The study finds a positive and statistically significant relationship between a woman's trust in government and her position in the regional male distribution of income.

Keywords: property rights; regional government; women's rights; income inequality

Article.  6601 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Economic Development and Growth ; Health, Education, and Welfare

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