Article

Physical Activity Epidemiology

Ian Janssen

in The Oxford Handbook of Exercise Psychology

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195394313
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195394313.013.0002

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Physical Activity Epidemiology

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The main purpose of the research discipline of physical activity epidemiology is to study the causal relationship between physical activity, or a lack of physical activity, and health. This chapter begins by explaining the importance of studying this relationship. The chapter then provides some information on the methods used to study and interpret the relations between physical activity and health. The next section of the chapter provides an overview of the scientific evidence on the relationship between physical activity and several health outcomes, including mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, mental health, and functional health. Examples from historical and contemporary studies are used to highlight key relationships. The chapter concludes by discussing how the research findings are translated into public health recommendations on the appropriate volume, intensity, and type of physical activity required for good health.

Keywords: epidemiology; physical activity; surveillance; population health; sedentary behavior

Article.  17838 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Health Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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