Article

Treatment and Rehabilitation

Francis T. Cullen and Paula Smith

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395082
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195395082.013.0006

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Treatment and Rehabilitation

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This article explores the role of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections. Section I argues that rehabilitation has been a fundamental sensibility of the correctional enterprise from its beginning stages. Despite the seeming hegemony of the punishment model for more than three decades, this abiding belief that the correctional system should not only punish but also “correct” remains strong. Section II traces the seeming collapse of the rehabilitation model in the 1970s. Section III presents what has become the dominant rehabilitation model, which is typically captured under the label of the principles of effective correctional intervention. Section IV concludes with a discussion of the future of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections.

Keywords: American corrections; correctional intervention; rehabilitation model; punishment; correctional system

Article.  10153 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Corrections ; Prisons and Jails ; Courts and Procedure

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