Police and Crime Control

Lawrence W. Sherman

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395082
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Police and Crime Control

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  • Policing



This article examines the growing gap between evidence and practice in democratic policing, primarily in the English-speaking nations (especially the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia). Section I describes the framework for evidence-based knowledge about policing for crime control, with recent advances in some of the tools for generating such knowledge. Section II describes our knowledge about the effectiveness of two very different approaches to policing: the traditional “standard model,” and the newly emergent “customized policing” model. Section III addresses two specific issues in the future of policing: what can be done to close the gap between research evidence and police practice, and how can that strategy be accomplished?

Keywords: democratic policing; evidence-based knowledge; crime control; standard model; customized policing; police practice

Article.  13168 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Policing

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