Article

Community and Problem-Oriented Policing

Michael D. Reisig

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395082
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195395082.013.0018

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Community and Problem-Oriented Policing

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This article is divided into five sections. Section I provides an overview of community and problem-oriented policing, highlighting the key of elements of the two approaches. Section II discusses the history of the American police, with an emphasis on the antecedents and outcomes associated with prior reform efforts. Section III describes the federal government's involvement in community and problem-oriented policing via the COPS program, and reviews the research assessing the impact of the program on crime rates is reviewed. Section IV focuses on the theoretical frameworks that guide community and problem-oriented policing interventions, and extant empirical research. Community policing is rooted in two theories of neighborhood crime (i.e., broken windows and social disorganization), whereas problem-oriented policing is often couched in theories of criminal opportunity (i.e., rational choice and routine activity). Section V concludes with a discussion specifying priorities for future research.

Keywords: community policing; American police; COPS program; crime rates; neighborhood crime; criminal opportunity

Article.  16615 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Policing

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