Jails and Pretrial Release

Brandon K. Applegate

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195395082
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Jails and Pretrial Release

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  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Prisons and Jails
  • Courts and Procedure


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This article begins with an overview of the jail inmate population. Data reveal the current makeup and important shifts in inmate characteristics. Section II discusses the historical development of jails and pretrial release. Section III reviews the empirical evidence on contemporary pretrial release issues, including trends in pretrial release and detention, correlates of release decisions, and dimensions of supervision and misconduct among released defendants. Section IV turns to contemporary jail issues of direct supervision in new generation facilities, mental health, and adjustment to jail confinement. Section V concludes with a discussion of policy implications and fruitful directions for future research.

Keywords: jail inmate population; detention; released defendants; supervision; misconduct

Article.  13344 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Prisons and Jails ; Courts and Procedure

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