Article

Keeping the Dragons at Bay

Paul E. Priester and Janice E. Jones

in The Oxford Handbook of Prevention in Counseling Psychology

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780195396423
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195396423.013.0012

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Keeping the Dragons at Bay

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Abstract Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug abuse (ATODA) is a critical public health issue. Research suggests that there are some principles that can guide effective prevention activities. This chapter explores not only what content should be included in such prevention activities, but also what processes and which contexts are best suited for optimal results. In general, research supports the use of developmentally appropriate activities that decrease risk factors and increase protective factors. Certain skills such as relationship skills and drug refusal skills are shown to be effective components of prevention work. Components that have not been successful include: affective skills training and the didactic imparting of drug information to elementary school students. Specific culturally responsive techniques are required for students of color, as the drug use profiles and risk/protective factors differ by ethnic/racial groups. A discussion of the political and fiscal contextual variables that impact the delivery of prevention activities is also presented.

Keywords: drug use prevention; alcoholism prevention; protective factors; risk factors; evidence-based prevention

Article.  10406 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Counselling Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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