Article

Cultural Psychology of Racial Ideology in Historical Perspective: An Analytic Approach to Understanding Racialized Societies and Their Psychological Effects on Lives

Michael R. Winston and Cynthia E. Winston

in The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195396430
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195396430.013.0026

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Cultural Psychology of Racial Ideology in Historical Perspective: An Analytic Approach to Understanding Racialized Societies and Their Psychological Effects on Lives

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Race as a label and idea has developed over time as part of science, philosophy, psychology, and other areas of scholarship. Its social uses have been notable—and often notorious—leading to treating race as a “thing.” Such ideological use of race as a “thing” has been discredited in our century. Nevertheless, the residual reality is that socially destructive ideological concepts of race have been embedded in racialized societies to varying degrees through social, economic, and political institutions and their practices. This reality has psychological consequences for human personality development, identity formation, and lives. Varied cultural historical conditions have buttressed systematic and institutionalized agents of power. This has motivated, manufactured, and sustained new forms of racial thinking and ideology. The goal of this chapter is to develop an analytic framework for cultural psychology that penetrates the historical surfaces of racialized societies so that the interactions among race, culture, and racist ideologies may be understood as a dynamic, rather than static, multidimensional system that varies over time and place. Although modern scholarship on race across the disciplines is vast and more than a century old, the Winston Framework provides a new organization and synthesis of cultural psychological concepts that operate at multiple systems and interindividual levels across time and different racialized systems of domination. It is proposed that a cultural historical psychology of race analytically requires a synthesis of race concepts appropriately placed in their historical context, including the dynamics of individuals, institutions, and societies.

Keywords: race; racialized societies; racial ideology; identity; master narratives; cultural historical; cultural psychology; comparative

Article.  17865 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology

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