Article

Whiteness and Social Class: Intersections and Implications

Lisa B. Spanierman, Patton O. Garriott and D. Anthony Clark

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Class in Counseling

Published in print March 2013 | ISBN: 9780195398250
Published online May 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398250.013.0024

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Whiteness and Social Class: Intersections and Implications

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  • Psychology
  • Counselling Psychology
  • Psychological Assessment and Testing
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This chapter reviews the interdisciplinary literature in the field of critical Whiteness studies to situate the research, teaching, and practice concerns of counseling psychology in the historical context of Whiteness. By understanding the social construction of Whiteness in the United States, readers will note its inextricable ties to capital (i.e., material assets and investments) and its role in the social division of labor. The chapter specifies key historical markers to highlight the production and reproduction of a classed Whiteness since the seventeenth century. Through an intersectional approach that links Whiteness and social class, the authors next discuss various social class strata among Whites (i.e., unemployed and underemployed, professional-middle class, and elite), emphasizing key concerns that may be salient in each stratum. Finally, the chapter turns readers' attention to implications for the field of counseling psychology, addressing future research directions and providing implications for training and practice.

Keywords: Whiteness; social class; capital; intersectional approach

Article.  12832 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Counselling Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing ; Developmental Psychology

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