Article

Men’s Issues, Social Class, and Counseling

David J. Wimer and Ronald F. Levant

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Class in Counseling

Published in print March 2013 | ISBN: 9780195398250
Published online May 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398250.013.0029

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Men’s Issues, Social Class, and Counseling

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  • Counselling Psychology
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This chapter demonstrates the double disadvantages associated with being a working-class man, who experiences the disadvantages of being poor combined with the increased health and social risks associated with being a man. Grounded in Liu's (2002) theoretical framework for social class and the gender role strain paradigm (Pleck, 1981), the chapter reviews historical articles on men and social class and contemporary research on the intersection of masculinity and social class. It discusses the interplay of masculinity and social class in the areas of health and vocational behavior. One theme that emerges is that lower social class men may perform more self-destructive and less socially acceptable performances of masculinity, whereas more economically advantaged men may perform masculinity in ways that perpetuate gender inequality but are less harmful to them and more socially acceptable. Suggestions and interventions for training, practice, and research are discussed, as well as future directions.

Keywords: men; masculinity; social class; gender role strain

Article.  12795 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Counselling Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing ; Developmental Psychology

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