Article

Examining the Role of Ethnicity, Culture, and Social Class in Violence and Aggression in the United States

Sopagna Eap Braje and Gordon C. Nagayama Hall

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Class in Counseling

Published in print March 2013 | ISBN: 9780195398250
Published online May 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398250.013.0032

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Examining the Role of Ethnicity, Culture, and Social Class in Violence and Aggression in the United States

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  • Psychology
  • Counselling Psychology
  • Psychological Assessment and Testing
  • Developmental Psychology

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According to crime statistics, ethnic minorities are disproportionately the perpetrators and victims of violent crime relative to European Americans. This chapter examines the intersection between ethnicity, culture, and social class in explaining differences in violence and aggression by reviewing existing theoretical models and the corresponding research. There is evidence that acculturation, systematic bias, and racial discrimination contribute to the higher crime rates found among ethnic minorities. Existing models, however, tend to ignore cultural protective factors. To address this limitation, a sociocultural balance model of violence is proposed that considers the buffering effects of culture as well as sociological risk factors as a strategy for reducing violence disparities.

Keywords: aggression; culture; ethnic minorities; social class; violence

Article.  13322 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Counselling Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing ; Developmental Psychology

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