Article

The Employee Free Choice Act, Unions, and Unionizing in Jewish Law

Dani Rapp

in The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195398625
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398625.013.0022

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 The Employee Free Choice Act, Unions, and Unionizing in Jewish Law

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Employees, their free choice act, and unions and unionizing in Jewish law are the essence of this article. The law equalizes the imbalance by allowing employees to unionize, putting the negotiating power of employees on par with their employers. By banding together, organized workers gain the ability to strike, neutralizing management's ability to withhold employment. The approach of the Jewish law towards the employer–employee relationship is explained in detail. It says employer–employee relationships are no exception. Each side has rights and obligations, ensuring that the worker receives equitable treatment and the employer receives the full value of the employee's labor. The Talmud clarifies that one who withholds a worker's pay actually transgresses five negative commandments and one positive commandment. This article also traces various sources found in Jewish laws relating to labor unions and the power of the citizens and tradesmen. An explanation of the regularization of Jewish law winds up this article.

Keywords: free choice act; Jewish law; negative commandments; Talmud

Article.  8957 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Labour and Demographic Economics

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