Article

Perceived Social Isolation within Personal and Evolutionary Timescales

Louise C. Hawkley, John T. Cacioppo and Joshua Correll

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Exclusion

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780195398700
Published online April 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398700.013.0017

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Perceived Social Isolation within Personal and Evolutionary Timescales

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Evolutionary time and evolutionary forces operate at such a different scale of organization than we experience in everyday life that personal experience is not sufficient to understand the role of loneliness in human existence. Research over the past decade suggests a very different view of loneliness than suggested by personal experience, one in which loneliness serves a variety of adaptive functions in specific habitats. We outline an evolutionary theory of loneliness, with an emphasis on its potential adaptive value in an evolutionary timescale.

Keywords: collective identity; evolution; heritability; loneliness; selflessness; social isolation; social learning; social pain

Article.  13732 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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