Article

Individual Differences in Responses to Social Exclusion: Self-Esteem, Narcissism, and Self-Compassion

Ashley Batts Allen, Michelle R. vanDellen and W. Keith Campbell

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Exclusion

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780195398700
Published online April 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398700.013.0020

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Individual Differences in Responses to Social Exclusion: Self-Esteem, Narcissism, and Self-Compassion

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Experiences of social exclusion disrupt people’s feelings of belongingness. Because self-esteem is connected to how socially connected people feel to important others, such experiences lower state self-esteem. The authors suggests that these situations evoke self-regulatory processes aimed at bringing state self-esteem back in line with standards for trait self-esteem. This chapter focuses on three individual differences, each related to self-views, that may be related to reactions to social exclusion: trait self-esteem, narcissism, and self-compassion. Trait self-esteem is generally associated with heightened reactions to social exclusion that are aimed at restoring immediate self-feelings; narcissism is associated with aggressive responses to social exclusion; and self-compassion is associated with stable responses that are unmarked by extreme negative affect or externalizing. The authors concludes with suggestions for interventions aimed at reducing aggression in response to social exclusion.

Keywords: narcissism; self-compassion; self-esteem; rejection

Article.  5808 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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