Risk and Protective Factors for Offending

David P. Farrington, Rolf Loeber and Maria M. Ttofi

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195398823
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Risk and Protective Factors for Offending

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  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
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This article studies risk and the most important changeable factors for offending. It takes a look at the individual factors of impulsivity/hyperactivity and intelligence/attainment, and then evaluates the family factors of child-rearing methods, specifically supervision and discipline, young mothers and child abuse, disrupted families, and conflicts between parents. The next section discusses the social factors of peer influence, neighborhood factors, and socioeconomic status. This article also reviews research on protective and promotive factors.

Keywords: risk; factors for offending; impulsivity; hyperactivity; intelligence; attainment; family factors; social factors; protective factors; promotive factors

Article.  11033 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Crime Prevention

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