Community-Level Influences on Crime and Offending

Steven F. Messner and Gregory M. Zimmerman

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195398823
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Community-Level Influences on Crime and Offending

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Crime Prevention


Show Summary Details


This article discusses community-level influences on offending and crime. It shows how the general ecological model can help understand the spatial distributions of patterns of urban activity and unconventional behaviors including crime and delinquency. It then identifies the supporting causal explanations of neighborhood effects and studies the emerging research on reciprocal causation and the role of crime in the stratification of neighborhoods. The last section of the article comments on the lessons learned and the challenges that needs to be faced for further development in the field.

Keywords: community-level influences; general ecological model; unconventional behaviors; spatial distributions; neighborhood effects; reciprocal causation; neighborhood stratification

Article.  7840 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Crime Prevention

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.